Turf 101

By Courts & Greens - September 20th, 2022 in Uncategorized

landscaping work done in Houston, Texas residence

1. Denier: What does it means and why it’s important

By definition, a turf’s denier measures the density of the turf fibers. According to Merriam-Webster’s definition, a denier is a unit of fineness for yarn equal to the fineness of a yarn weighing one gram for every 9000 meters.

2. Drainage rate: why it matters and how it helps 

Drainage systems are primarily designed to allow water to percolate through the backing of the turf and drain through the base layer into the water table. Most synthetic grass backing is perforated with holes that measure approximately centimeters in diameter and can drain at a rate of more than 30 inches per hour per square yard. With the exception of most synthetic putting greens, nearly all landscape turf is perforated and allows for easy drainage. A good drainage system can not only help with clean-up, but it will also help prevent spores and bacteria from building up within the synthetic grass.

3. The many shapes of synthetic grass blades 

Synthetic grass can be created with so many different colors and various blade heights, however, within the extrusion process, much like the way you would squeeze out play-dough with different shapes, there are several types of synthetic grass blade shapes. Each of these blade shapes serves a different purpose and creates a different effect for your lawn.

Oval Fiber 

Turfs that have oval-shaped fibers are commonly found in many different landscape installations. These fibers feel soft to the touch while still maintaining durability.

S Blade Shape 

S-shape is a popular choice for blade shapes because its round, dimensional curves make it appear more like natural grass than flatter blade shapes. The curves of the S reduce the flat surface area of the blade which, in turn, means they reflect less sunlight. Reflected sunlight can make the turf look more white than green due to a mirroring effect, which means that S blades appear a more lush and vibrant green compared to flatter shapes. S-blade artificial grass is also very soft to the touch thanks to these curved edges. It has a moderate resilience and is therefore usually used in areas with moderate amounts of foot traffic.

Diamond Fiber

Synthetic turf that features a diamond de-lustered shape maintains a soft but sturdier feel. It works ideally as a landscape grass for commercial and residential areas.

V Shape Fiber 

Shaped like the letter ‘V,’ the V blade creates a more durable and strong feel and allows for the turf, as a whole, to have stronger durability. V-shaped grass blades feature a high degree of durability. This variety of artificial turf comes with an impeccable tolerance to wear, enabling it to revert to its original form after use. It’s ideal for high-traffic areas, such as parks, playgrounds, sports grounds, and pet spaces.

3D “W” Fiber

The 3D ‘W’ fiber is a strong fiber that can withstand large amounts of pressure and helps the turf as a whole, bounce back to its original state. The blade offers multiple support points which allow for greater durability and a “memory” effect. The turf will bounce back to its original state, despite the surface weight. Due to its ability to diffuse sunlight, turf with w-shaped blades doesn’t retain the same amount of solar heat as other types of turf. This allows your turf installation to be less likelyto overheat in the summer. Through rigorous testing, it has been seen that w-shaped blades are designed to keep turf cooler than other turf products. If you combine this kind of turf product with an infill, your turf can stay cooler than traditional turf.

Flattened Oval with Spine Fiber

The Flattened Oval with Spine turf fiber gives turf a realistic appearance and creates a stronger blade core.

Omega Fiber

The omega blade shape can be found most often in pet turfs as well as shorter pile heights. Omega-shaped blades are renowned for their durability, softer feel and realistic aesthetics. They can handle regular use and accommodate heavy equipment without getting bent out of shape.

C-Shaped Fiber

The C-shaped blade gives the turf a natural look and helps the synthetic grass feel soft to the touch. This blade shape can be applied on any installation, however, it is most commonly found on residential and commercial property landscapes. One of the drawbacks of C-shaped blades is that they have more of a sheen than other turf products. This makes them a little less ideal for front yards and more ideal for backyards.

Mini “W” Shaped Fiber

Shaped like the letter ‘W,’ the Mini “W” blade shape creates higher durability, as a whole. Used widely for areas with high foot traffic, the Mini W blade is ideal for any playground, sports field landscape.

“M” Shaped Fiber 

The “M” shaped blade creates more durability making the turf ideal for heavy foot traffic. Used primarily for areas that experience high amounts of foot traffic, the “M” blade is great for landscapes with high amounts of foot traffic. M-shaped blades look so natural that they’re difficult to tell apart from natural grass. They also reflect light like their conventional counterparts. M-shaped synthetic turf is often used in front yards and other areas that get a ton of traffic and sun exposure.

4. About C8 yarn  Synthetic grass is a manufactured product made from polyethylene.

Polyethylene is manufactured in a variety of grades – C2, C4, C6 and C8 in which the number denominates the number of carbons in the polymer. When it comes to artificial grass, C2and C4 are the most commonly used grades of polyethylene. In fact over 90% of the polyethylene artificial grass available in the market is manufactured using C2 & C4 grade.

To use C8 grade polyethylene in products as this provides the best material functionality whilst retaining important characteristics such as not being too stiff, shiny or soft.

Combining the properties of these polymers creates products that ultimately are structured to have the best product life cycle possible.

The benefits of C8 yarn design include: 

● The molecular structure of C8 yarn has a longer carbon chain which increases durability, resilience, temperature resistance and even the look and feel of the product

● 2x more durable than the existing grades which means better resistance to heavy traffic

● Blades are stronger and resist flattening more than C4 yarn

● Better protected against fading due to sun exposure

● C8 yarn has a softer feel

● C8 yarn has more natural look compared to C4 yarn